Cannabis Oil – Everything You Need To Know

Cannabis oil – the widespread of cannabis consumption for medicinal purposes has paved the way for a market of cannabinoid-infused products and cannabis extracts. 

With no shortage of options when it comes to cannabis, consumers have the luxury of testing and trying out a variety of products, each with their own unique effects. 

Cannabis oils are driving a surge in the medicinal cannabis use, providing a convenient method of treatment that is both discrete and effective.

Want to buy some weed online and learn how to properly use cannabis oil? Let us show you how.

Cannabis Oil – Definition

Cannabis oils are extracted and isolated from the cannabis plant.

Containing the nearly 100 or so cannabinoids, vitamins, minerals, and terpenes of the original plant. Cannabis oils are also the raw material used in creating several cannabis products that are seen on the market today such as distillates, tinctures and even edibles.

Cannabis oils can be consumed in their original state or processed into a vast array of other products and can even be used for cooking, baking and a variety of other consumption methods! 

Many recreational and medicinal patients find that cannabis oil is easy to use, simple to dose and discrete to consume – leading many to make the switch over. 

How Cannabis Oil is Made

Being an extract, there is an emphasis on the quality of the ingredients. The quality of the cannabis flower and the buds used will be large factors in determining the overall cannabinoid composition of the oil. Cannabis oils can be made of any type of strain, fostering the original traits and unique terpene content of whatever strain it was derived from.

The next most important factor is the method of extraction. The extraction process uses a chemical solvent to determine which compounds are isolated from the plant matter, with some oils containing only THC, and others only CBD. 

Other methods draw out the cannabinoids along with the terpenes, giving the oil a body of flavor to work with.  Of all the chemical solvents used, the most common and safe to use are ethanol, butane, and CO2. Each with their own pros and cons.

Lastly, additional carrier substances added to the cannabis extract may affect the potency of the end product. 

Most Cannabis Oils use medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) such as coconut oil as the carrier oil as their fat content is best suited for cannabinoids absorption. Other carrier substances including avocado oil or virgin olive oil are also effective substitutes.

Understanding How Cannabis Oil Works

Cannabis oil works in different ways depending on the method of administration. Understanding the difference in bioavailability and effects of each method is paramount to determining which route is best for you. 

Bioavailability refers to the degree and rate in which a drug can be absorbed by the body’s circulatory system. 

The inhalation of cannabinoids tends to be high on the bioavailability scale whereas cannabis absorbed through the digestive tract is considered to have a lower bioavailability.

In the case that the oil is consumed through sublingual administration, which is typically used by tinctures. Administering the oil under the tongue on the mucous membranes, the onset is relatively short when compared to directly ingesting the oil. 

sublingual spray

Through the mucous membranes around the interior of the cheeks and under the tongue, the cannabinoids are quickly absorbed by the bloodstream due to the close proximity of blood vessels. 

Using cannabis oil for ingestion will have the cannabinoids absorbed through the digestive tract much like any other cannabis edible product. 

After ingestion, the cannabis must make its way to the liver where it is processed into 11-Hydroxy-THC before it can produce any psychoactive effects.

 Incidentally, 11-Hydroxy-THC may possess a higher level of bioavailability compared to THC, being more readily available to cross the blood-brain barrier. 

The sudden increase in bioavailability explains the acute onset of intense psychoactive and sometimes psychedelic effects of edibles. The initial high may take place anywhere between 30-120 minutes after consumption.

The First-Pass Effect

While orally consuming cannabis has the benefit of discretion, there are some caveats to this method. There are circumstances where edible cannabis may not be fully absorbed by the body. 

This is coined the ‘first-pass effect‘. At times, the liver can be so efficient at breaking down unknown compounds that it can over-process the THC consumed, to the point where it is no longer able to produce any psychotropic effects.

An effective way to combat this phenomenon is to consume a meal high in fats prior to the consumption of your edible cannabis

CBD edibles

Though this will slow the absorption of the THC, it will guarantee that the body will effectively absorb the THC consumed. Luckily sublingual administration does not operate on the same plane and is immune to the first-pass effect, which is why many consumers opt for this method of administration.

Cannabis Oil Dosage

The impact of your Cannabis oil will depend on the composition of the oil itself. Cannabis oils may contain key cannabinoids THC, CBD, THCA or CBDA. 

Cannabis oils possessing high levels of THC will produce stronger psychoactive effects while cannabis oils with high levels of CBD are more likely to be used to address anxiety or chronic pain. 

cannabis oil tincture

The inclusion of several different terpenes may also work synergistically with the THC and CBD along with other cannabinoids. These types of products are called “full-spectrum” and they produce a phenomenon called the entourage effect.

Granted that finding the ideal dose is a uniquely individual experience, the well-regarded adage “know your limit, play within it” is an effective strategy in zeroing in on each individual’s sweet spot. Ideally, it would be wise to start at a typically low-moderate dose and build or remove depending on the onset of effects and the desired goal.

Cannabis oil may also be made without the use of decarboxylation, containing the inactive compounds THCA or CBDA. Products containing high levels of these cannabinoids were designed for consumers who would like to reap the rewards of cannabis without the intoxication. 

CBD Oil

cannabis oil honey

Hemp oil or CBD oil Canada has been dominating the cannabis market for good reason. Its effects can be compounded with several other healthy activities without the risk of intoxication. 

For example, the use of CBD and yoga can be an effective way to both meditate and reduce anxiety for a calm mind and a clear headspace. 

CBD oil is also non-psychoactive, meaning it can be mixed with many other supplements such as coffee or tea, helpful in stimulating a creative and productive workflow.

Final Thoughts

Cannabis oil can be easily bought at an online dispensary Canada and they’re a great way to medicate with cannabis without having to irritate your lungs or eat a sugary edible. They can be eaten as is, used in cooking and even included in drinks!

A final message for the preservation of your oils is to keep them far away from any heat, light, or air. Doing so will help prolong the shelf-life of your cannabis oils and keep their cannabinoid composition intact.

As always, consume with responsibility and enjoy.

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