You’ve likely come across the phrase CBD when researching the medical benefits of cannabis, but what does CBD stand for, and what is it?
CBD stands for cannabidiol (pronounced: can-na-bi-di-ol) and is a naturally-occurring cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant.
Cannabinoids are a class of chemical compounds in the cannabis plant similar to chemicals that our bodies make. Cannabinoids act upon specific receptors in our bodies and brains known as cannabinoid receptors to produce their effects.
We will explore this a bit more in-depth later. To understand how cannabinoids work, you first need to understand what CBD is.
Stick with us, and we’ll cover all the details you need to know.
What is CBD?
As we’ve already mentioned, CBD stands for cannabidiol.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is an abundant cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant, which means producers can extract it from either hemp or marijuana. What differentiates these plants is the final product created.
The marijuana plant typically has lower percentages of CBD and high concentrations of THC, meaning that CBD sourced from marijuana will be found in conjunction with THC.
In simpler terms, it will cause a ‘high.’
To avoid this, many patients opt for a product that has little to no concentrations of THC, a CBD hemp oil. Industrial hemp contains less than 0.3% THC, making it impossible to get you high.
Having such a low THC content allows hemp-derived CBD to be bred and used as a safe choice for people who want to avoid the psychoactive elements of weed and those seeking to use it for medicinal purposes or to supplement various treatments.
It should be noted, however, that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not recognize cannabidiol as a medication (except for Epidiolex), and there are no other FDA-approved drug products that contain CBD.
This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
How Does CBD Work?
CBD works by interacting with numerous components in the body and central nervous system.
How do they do it? You may ask. Through the endocannabinoid system (ECS).
The endocannabinoid system is a structure of cannabinoid receptors located throughout your body that regulate a broad range of processes starting from mood and energy level to immune activity and blood pressure.
Once you consume cannabinoids, they activate the endocannabinoid system and enhance your endocannabinoid tone, relieving pain that we have, providing anti-inflammatory effects and improving mood. The list goes on.
For this reason, people take CBD to improve their well being and live a more fulfilling life.
Types of CBD Products
Now that we have answered ‘what does CBD stand for’, you may be wondering how to take CBD.
There are a wide variety of CBD products currently available on the market. One of the most popular, CBD oil, can be taken in a vast number of different ways.
However, before diving into the world of CBD products, it’s also essential to understand the terminology you will see when shopping for CBD oil.
Here’s what you need to know:
Hemp Seed Oil
Hemp seed oil is a popular term you will see across the CBD industry, but don’t be tricked by its name. It’s not the same thing as CBD oil.
Hemp seed oil doesn’t contain any cannabinoids and is made by cold pressing the seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant.
When extracting CBD from the hemp plant, producers use the whole plant, including stalks, leaves, and flowers, because they contain a higher concentration of CBD and lead to CBD-rich cannabis products.
However, many companies use hemp seed oil as the carrier of choice for CBD. Hemp seed oil has a rich profile of nutrients and fatty acids and is highly nutritious, making it ideal for everyday use.
A CBD isolate is a product that contains up to 99% pure CBD and nothing else.
It’s an ideal option for those wanting to avoid tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and medicate without experiencing a psychoactive high.
To produce CBD isolate, manufacturers extract multiple cannabinoids from the plant, including THC and filter them until pure CBD is left in crystal form.
From there, they grind crystals to come up with a powder that is easy to consume.
Full-spectrum CBD oil contains a full range of plant compounds and cannabinoids found in the plant, including CBD and THC.
However, when derived from hemp, full-spectrum CBD only contains trace amounts of THC making it non-intoxicating. So, make sure to read the label before purchasing to ensure that you are buying the exact product you want.
Broad-spectrum CBD oil falls between full-spectrum and an isolate.
It contains multiple cannabinoids and terpenes but typically no THC. However, some products may contain trace quantities.
Since ost broad-spectrum products don’t usually contain THC, you may think that you can’t experience the entourage effect. However, broad-spectrum CBD contains multiple cannabinoids, meaning that you can experience this phenomenon, just without THC.
What Does CBD Stand for? – Breaking it Down
CBD is the medical abbreviation for cannabidiol. It is an active compound found in cannabis that is known for its health benefits and little to no side effects.
CBD products, such as CBD derived from hemp, have less than 0.3% THC and can be medicated to alleviate symptoms of various conditions or to supplement other treatments. It can also be given to pets.
Marijuana-derived CBD may cause you to get high and alter your mind. However, for those patients looking for more substantial results and who want to combine THC and CBD, this is an excellent choice.
On the market, you may encounter commonly used CBD products such as isolates, broad-spectrum CBD and hemp oil diluted with CBD. These products allow users to feel the potential therapeutic effects of CBD and improve their well being.
If you decide to try CBD oil, ensure that you purchase it through a trusted dispensary to receive a high-quality CBD product that yields the best results.