What is CBD? The Science of Why and How CBD is Best Used

What is CBD featured

What is CBD? If you’re looking for a powerful new way to medicate, or you’re traversing into the world of cannabis for the first time, this miracle compound, Cannabidiol might be your solution. 

Everyone is talking about the benefits of marijuana and CBD, and how it treats a wide array of symptoms, but claims are nothing without evidence. So where’s the proof?

Like any subject when it first reaches legalization and public awareness, there’s also a degree of confusion. You may know that cannabis has a long history as a medicinal plant, likely dating back more than two millennia. But if you’re unfamiliar with the plant’s CBD compound, we’re here to lay out some of the scientific evidence so that you can understand what is CBD exactly, and how it could help treat some of your ailments.

First, we’re going to explore the science behind CBD, before looking at popular ways to administer it, and what ratio to look for.

Let’s start!


What is CBD?

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is one of the MANY active ingredients in cannabis. But unlike THC, it doesn’t get you flying into the far rims of outer space!

Due to its lack of psychoactive effects, CBD is amazing for medicinal use. It relieves pain, stabilizes mood and promotes calmness. Many medical marijuana patients rely on it to relieve symptoms, and others, to escape into relaxation.  

But how does it work? Well, in case the human body wasn’t incredible enough, inside you right  now is the endocannabinoid system, which has receptors for cannabinoid compounds like CBD and THC.

That’s right – throughout our physiology we have receptors specifically designed to bind with cannabidiol.

CBD and THC both interact with the body through this biological communication system that regulates a huge array of functions including pain, appetite, mood, memory, sleep and your immune system.

CBD does not produce a soaring high or psychoactive effect because CBD does not affect the same receptors as THC.

With this said, we’re going to take an overview look at some of the benefits if CBD – up first, one of the most common uses of CBD is to help reduce pain.

[Related Article: What is Full Spectrum CBD Oil and Why it Works]


What Science Says About CBD Benefits

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1) CBD Reduces Pain

Are you one of the 50 Million Americans dealing with chronic pain? If you are, one of the incredible benefits of CBD is its ability to reduce pain in the body.

A 2017 report concluded that there is substantial evidence that for adults suffering from chronic pain, patients who were treated with cannabis or cannabinoids are more likely to experience a clinically significant reduction in pain symptoms.

Another 2012 study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, concludes that using CBD reduces both pain and inflammation.


2) CBD Treats Arthritic Pain and Inflammation

Nearly 40 million people in the United States suffer from arthritis, including over a quarter million children. Thankfully, more people are seeing the benefits in using CBD oil to treat this pain.

CBD has been known to provide anti-inflammatory and pain relief effects and research shows   links to suppressing pain receptors from some of the chemical reactions caused by CBD.

The anti-inflammatory properties of CBD can calm inflamed joints, bring relief to patients. As well in cases of rheumatoid arthritis, some studies show it prevents the immune system from attacking joints.

Cannabinoid type 2 receptors (CB2) have been the subject of considerable focus because they offer promising therapeutic effects for inflammation. Inflammation and chronic pain is a serious problem for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

RA is an autoimmune disorder where your body interprets the soft lining around your joints as a threat, and attacks it, just as it would a virus. Synovial fibroblast cells are the active drivers and cells destroying the joints, so there’s been research underway to identify targeted therapies to inhibit the destructiveness of these cells.

For example, a 2014 study attempted to understand whether CB2 has inhibitory effects on these synovial fibroblast cells destroying the joints.

The results? Researchers found that CB2 receptors are found in high levels in the joint tissue of arthritic patients. This is important because by activating the pathways of CB2 receptors, CBD may help fight inflammation and provide relief from pain in the joints.

[Related Article: What is the Endocannabinoid System?]


3) CBD Treats Anxiety Without the High

Taking a few drops of CBD oil could very well be the anxiety relief you’ve been looking for. A  2011 study analyzed a group who suffered from different forms of social anxiety disorder, and directed them to speak in front of a large audience.

Researchers compared anxiety levels in people after they took CBD, compared to those who got the placebo or nothing at all. Results found that the people who took CBD reported significantly less anxiety compared to those who got the placebo.

The placebo group presented higher anxiety, cognitive impairment, discomfort, and alert levels when compared with the control group.

CBD oil is now sold in a range of forms, including capsules, creams, tinctures, and under-the-tongue sprays.

The most common of CBD products are tinctures. Tinctures are among the most pure ways to deliver CBD to your body since they’re not separately processed. They also have a great advantage over edibles and the various smoking and vaping methods, as measuring the dose is so much easier.


How to use CBD 

[Photo by Kimberly Nanney on Unsplash]

CBD is now sold in a range of forms, including dry marijuana flowers, capsules, creams, tinctures, edibles and under-the-tongue sprays. 

The most common of concentrated CBD products are tinctures. Tinctures are among the most pure ways to deliver CBD to your body since they’re not separately processed. They also have a great advantage over edibles and the various smoking and vaping methods, as measuring the dose is so much easier.


How to use CBD Requires Knowing Ratios

In cannabis tinctures, the CBD content is measured in THC to CBD ratios, such as 4 to 1 , 2 to 1 and so forth. For example, a 4 to 1 THC to CBD ratio tincture, will hold 4 times the amount of THC over CBD.

This is crucial, as different ratios are known to tackle different conditions more effectively, ultimately, creating different experiences.  If you’re looking for more recreational experiences, maybe a lower CBD ratio will satisfy your needs, but if your reason is completely medical, than you’d likely be happier with a higher CBD ratio.

It’s important to note, however, that CBD is proven to be a lot more effective when used with other cannabis compounds, which is called it’s “entourage effect”.

Just remember – everyone’s preferences are different and its effect will vary from person to person, so it’s best to experiment in order to filter out what doesn’t work!

[See Article: How to use a Vape Pen for CBD Oil, Isolate and Wax]


What is CBD? Final Thoughts

There are many, many proposed solutions to the variety of medical conditions mentioned, but, CBD differs in many ways. For instance, it’s scientifically supported to be effective for many medical conditions, while also being extremely versatile in how it can be consumed.

With our detailed guide of what is cbd, you might be ready to take the plunge, or you might not. Either way, knowledge is power! and we wish you the best in all of your medical solving pursuits!


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